gastr/o (17/35)

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gastr/o is the combining form that refers to “stomach”.

The stomach is a muscle organ situated in the upper part of the abdomen. It is shaped like a J. The esophagus delivers food to the stomach. Upon taking in food, your stomach contracts and releases acids and enzymes that break it down. Your stomach passes food to your small intestine after it has been broken down.

Examples of Medical Terms Starting with Gastr/o

Gastrectomy: gastr ( “stomach”) + –ectomy ( “removal”)

Definition: Surgical removal of all or part of the stomach.

Gastric: gastr ( “stomach”) + –ic ( “pertaining to”)

Definition: Pertaining to the stomach.

Gastritis: gastr ( “stomach”) + –itis ( “inflammation”)

Definition: Inflammation of the stomach lining.

Gastroenteritis: gastr/o ( “stomach”) + enter ( “intestine”) + –itis ( “inflammation”)

Definition: Inflammation of both the stomach and the intestines.

Gastroenterologist: gastr/o ( “stomach”) + enter ( “intestine”) + –ologist ( “one who studies”)

Definition: Doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating stomach and intestinal disorders.

Gastroesophageal: gastr/o ( “stomach”) + esophag ( “related to the esophagus”) + –eal (“pertaining to”).

Definition: Pertaining to the stomach and esophagus.

Gastrointestinal: gastr/o ( “stomach”) + intestin ( “related to the intestines”) + –al (“pertaining to’)

Definition: Pertaining to the stomach and intestines.

Gastrologist: gastr/o ( “stomach”) + –ologist ( “one who studies”)

Definition: A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the stomach.

Gastronomy: gastr/o ( “stomach”) + –nomy ( “study of”)

Definition: The study of the science of food and its relation to the body and culture.

Gastroparesis: gastr/o ( “stomach”) + –paresis ( “partial paralysis”)

Definition: A condition in which the muscles of the stomach are partially paralyzed, causing difficulty in digesting food.

Gastroplasty: gastr/o ( “stomach”) + –plasty ( “surgical repair”)

Definition: A surgical procedure to repair the stomach, typically used to treat conditions such as obesity or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).

Gastroscopy: gastr/o ( “stomach”) + –scopy ( “examination”)

Definition: An examination of the inside of the stomach using a lighted, flexible tube inserted through the mouth.

Gastrostomy: gastr/o ( “stomach”) + –stomy ( “creation of an opening”)

Definition: A surgical procedure to create an opening in the stomach, typically used to provide a way to feed a person who is unable to eat or drink through the mouth.

Gastrotomy: gastr/o ( “stomach”) + –tomy ( “incision”)

Definition: Surgical incision of the stomach, typically used to diagnose or treat conditions such as Gastric ulcers, Gastric cancer.