Medical Suffixes that Describe Disease or Function (Part 1)

This quiz enables you to learn the suffixes and allows you to identify the disease or function of the medical terms.

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Suffix Meaning Sample Word
-algesia pain analgesia
-algia pain cephalalgia
-asthenia weakness myasthenia
-carcinoma cancerous tumor adenocarcinoma
-cele hernia or swelling hydrocele
-clasis, -clasia breaking cytoclasis
-cyesis pregnancy polycyesis
-drome running prodrome
-ectasis dilation atelectasis
-edema swelling myxedema
-emesis vomiting hematemesis
-emia blood or blood condition anemia
-itis inflammation nephritis
-lysis separating or dissolution dialysis
-odynia pain cardiodynia

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • pain
    • malignant tumor
    • slight paralysis
    • running

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -algia means "pain". Take the word cephal/algia as an example. Cephal is a word root that refers to "head", and -algia refers to "pain". Cephalalgia is the medical term for headache.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • pain
    • softening
    • malignant tumor
    • death of

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -algesia means "pain". Take the word an/algesia as an example. An- is a prefix term that refers to "not" or "without", and -algesia refers to "pain". Analgesia means not being able to feel pain.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • pain
    • removal
    • hardening
    • formation, growth

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -odynia means "pain". Take the word cardi/odynia as an example. Cardi- is a word root that refers to "heart", and -odynia refers to "pain". "Cardiodynia" refers to pain in the heart.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • weakness
    • hernia, swelling
    • vision
    • breathing

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -asthenia means "weakness". Take the word my/asthenia as an example. MyΒ is a word root that pertains to "muscle", and -asthenia refers to "weakness". Myasthenia gravis is disorder characterized by weakness and quick fatigue of muscles under voluntary control, especially those controlling the limbs, eyes, and mouth.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • cancerous tumor
    • removal
    • death of
    • control, stop

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -carcinoma refers to "cancerous tumor". Take the word aden/o/carcinoma as an example. Aden/o is a combining form that pertains to "gland", and -carcinoma refers to "cancerous tumor". An adenocarcinoma is a kind of cancer that can occur anywhere in the body, usually in the glands that line the inside of the organs.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • hernia, swelling
    • speech
    • abnormal reduction in number
    • paralysis

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -cele refers to "hernia" or "swelling". Take the word hydr/o/cele as an example. Hydr/o is a combining form that pertains to "water", and -cele refers to "hernia" or "swelling". A hydrocele is an abnormal accumulation of fluids in a specific area of the body, especially in the membranes around a testicle.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • breaking
    • labor, birth
    • split, fissure
    • sudden, involuntary contraction of muscle

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -clasis or -clasia refers to "breaking". Take the word cyt/o/clasis as an example. Cyt/o is a combining form that pertains to "cell", and -clasis refers to "breaking". The term "cytoclasis" can be defined as the destruction of cells.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • pregnancy
    • malignant tumor
    • tightening
    • hernia, swelling

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -cyesis refers to "pregnancy". Take the word poly/cyesis as an example. Poly- is a prefix that pertains to "many", and -cyesis refers to "pregnancy". Polycyesis is a multiple pregnancy; the presence of more than one fetus during pregnancy.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • running
    • disease
    • breaking
    • dilation

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -drome refers to "running". Take the word pro/drome as an example. Pro- is a prefix that means "before", and -drome refers to "running". An early warning symptom for a disease is called a prodrome.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • dilation
    • abnormal condition
    • vomiting
    • pain

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -ectasis refers to "dilation". Take the word atel/ectasis as an example. Atel is a word root that pertains to "incomplete", and -ectasis indicates "dilation". The atelectasis of the lung is a complete or partial collapse of the whole lung or a lobe.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • swelling
    • substance
    • inflammation
    • flow, discharge

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -edema refers to "swelling". Take the word myx/edema as an example. Myx is a word root that pertains to "mucus", and -edema indicates "swelling". Myxedema refers to hypothyroidism in its most severe form. Myxedema also refers to swelling of the skin and soft tissues that occurs in hypothyroid patients.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • vomiting
    • swelling
    • slight paralysis
    • softening

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -emesis refers to "vomiting". Take the word hemat/emesis as an example. Hemat is a word root that pertains to "blood", and -emesis denotes "vomiting". Hematemesis is the vomiting of blood.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • blood
    • breaking
    • affinity for, attraction
    • malignant tumor

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -emia refers to "blood" or "blood condition". Take the word an/emia as an example. An- is a prefix term that pertains to "not" or "without", and -emia denotes "blood" or "blood condition". Anemia is a disorder in which the blood's ability to carry oxygen to its tissues is compromised due to a lack of red blood cells or a lack of hemoglobin, which causes fatigue and pallor.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • inflammation
    • enlargement
    • tumor
    • formation

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -itis refers to "inflammation". Take the word nephr/itis as an example. Nephr is a word root that pertains to "kidney", and -itis denotes "inflammation". Nephritis is the inflammation of the kidney.

  • Question of

    Identify the meaning of the suffix.

    • separating, dissolution
    • slight paralysis
    • swallowing, eating
    • digestion

    Correct Wrong

    The suffix -lysis refers to "separating" or "dissolution". Take the word dia/lysis as an example. Dia- is a prefix term that pertains to "through", and -lysis denotes "separating" or "dissolution". When the kidneys stop working, dialysis removes and separates wastes and excess fluids from the blood through a machine to be cleaned.